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Terms and Techniques for  knitting and crochet    

Abbreviations used in both Knitting and Crochet click here

Learn to exchange this knit pattern to crochet

Knitting needle and Crochet hooks Exchanged 

(Reading a pattern) General Instructions

Below are some of the more common stitch patterns (& some not so common). Some have more than one way to create the pattern. With these you will find them numbered below the term. This is not a complete list I'm sure and welcome any additional patterns or alternatives to the ones listed here.

1BC - Single Back Cross. Sl 1 to dpn and hold in back, kl, then p1 from dpn.

2BC - Double Back Cross. Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, k2, then p1 from dpn.

3BC - Triple Back Cross. Sl 1 to dpn and hold in back, k3, then p1 from dpn.

2FC - Double Front Cross. Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in front, p1, then k2 from dpn.

3FC - Triple Front Cross. Sl 3 sts to dpn and hold in front, p1, then k3 from dpn.

3 needle bind off - Place half the sts onto each of 2 needles, hold right sides together. * Insert 3rd needle knitwise into the first stitch of each needle and knit them together, work into the next st on each needle in same way, slip first st over st just knitted; repeat from * to end.

BPdc - Back Post Double Crochet:. Yarn over, insert hook from behind indicated dc post in pattern instructions to the front , around the post and to the back , draw up a loop, (yo, draw through 2 loops on hook) twice to complete stitch. Forms a ridged effect on front of work.

BC - Back Cross 

1.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, k2, then p1 from dpn. 

2.Sl st to dpd and hold in back, kl-b, then p1 from dpn. 

3.Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in back, k2 then p2 from dpn.

4.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, kl-b, p1, kl-b, then k1 from dpn.

BDKC - Back Double Knit Cross. Sl 2 k sts to dpn and hold in back, k2, then k2 from dpn.

BKC - Back Knit Cross. 

1.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, kl, then k the st from dpn.

2.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, k2, then kl from dpn.

3.Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in back, k2, then k2 from dpn.

BLI - Back Lifted Increase. Insert right-hand needle into the back of next st in the Row below (from the top down into the purled loop behind the st on needle), and knit; then knit the st on needle in the usual way.

Bobble Stitch Or Popcorn - knit - To do the bobble (or sometimes called the popcorn) stitch. You (k 1, p1, k 1, p1, k 1) all in the same stitch. Then on your purl Row you p 5 tog. (It will be very tight but it can be done.) This forms the popcorn. You can just push the popcorn to the front side of your work and it will stay there.

There are many methods of knitting bobbles. Select the stitch which is to become a bobble. K into the front, then the back of the stitch, and do it again, twice more. You now have 6 stitches, made from one, on your right-hand needle. Turn your work and knit these 6 stitches. Turn your work again, lift stitch #2 over stitch #1 and drop it, then do the same with the other 4 stitches. You are now back to the one stitch you started with, and have a bobble.

Variations: Instead of knitting in the front, then the back of the stitch, you can knit, then purl into the same stitch. You can do less stitches for a smaller bobble - 4 stitches make a nice, small "bump". If you want a giant, turn your work and knit the bubble stitches several times.

Bobble stitch - Crochet - holding last loop of ea st on hook, 5 dc in next st, yo, draw thru all 6 loops on hook, ch 1 to close the bobble.

BPC - Back Purl Cross. Sl 1 p st to dpn, hold in back, k2, then p1 from dpn.

bs - Berry Stitch. Insert hook in stitch specified by pattern instructions, pull up a loop, (yo, draw through 1 loop on hook) 3 times, yo, draw through last 2 loops on hook to complete the stitch.

BT - Back Twist. Insert needle from front between lst and 2nd stitches and knit the 2nd stitch in back loop; then knit the lst stitch in front loop and sl both sts from needle together.

BTT - Back Twist Two. Insert right-hand needle from back to front between first and second sts, k the second st, then k the first st and slip both sts from needle together.

C12B - Cable 12 Back. Slip next 6 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 6 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C12F - Cable 12 Front. Slip next 6 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 6 sts from left-hand needle.- then knit sts from cable needle.

C2B - Cross 2 Back. Knit into back of 2nd st on needle, then knit first st, slipping both sts off needle at the same time.

C2F - Cross 2 Front. Knit into front of 2nd st on needle, then knit first st, slipping both sts off needle at the same time.

C2L - Cross 2 Left. Slip next st onto cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next st from left-hand needle, then knit st from cable needle.

C2P - Cross 2 Purl. Purl into front of 2nd st on needle, then purl first st, slipping both sts off needle together.

C2R - Cross 2 Right. Slip next st onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next st from left-hand needle, then knit st from cable needle.

C3 - Cross 3. Knit into front of 3rd st on needle, then knit first st in usual way slipping this st off needle., knit 2nd st in usual way, slipping 2nd and 3rd sts off needle together.

C3B - Cross 3 Back. Slip next st onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then knit st from cable needle.

C3F - Cross-3 Front. Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next st from left-hand needle,then knit sts from cable needle.

C3L - Cable 3 Left. Slip next st onto cable needle and hold at front of work,knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle,then knit st from cable needle.

C3R - Cable 3 Right. Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at back needle, then knit sts from cable needle. 

C4B - Cable 4 Back. Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C4F - Cable 4 Front or Forward. Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, knit 2 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C4L - Cross 4 Left. Slip next st onto cable needle and leave at front of work, knit next 3 sts from left-hand needle then knit st from cable needle.

C4R - Cross 4 Right. Slip next 3 sts onto cable needle and leave at back of work, knit next st from left-hand needle then knit sts from cable needle.

C5 - Cable 5. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C5B - Cable 5 Back. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, slip the purl st from point of cable needle back onto left-hand needle, purl this st, then k2 from cable needle.

C5F - Cable 5 Front. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, slip the purl st from point of cable needle back onto left-hand needle, purl this st, then k2 from cable needle.

C5L - Cross 5 Left. Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next st on left-hand needle, then knit sts on cable needle.

C5R - Cross 5 Right. Slip the next st onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 4 sts on left-hand needle, then purl the st on cable needle.

C6 - Cross 6. Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then slip the 2 purl sts from cable needle back to left-hand needle. Pass the cable needle with 2 remaining knit sts to back of work, purl 2 sts from left-hand needle, then knit the 2 sts from cable needle.

C6B - Cable 6 Back.Slip next 3 sts onto cable needle and hold at.back of work, knit next 3 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C6F - Cable 6 Front. Slip next 3 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 3 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C7B - Cable 7 Back. Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 3 sts on left-hand needle, slip purlst from cable needle onto left-hand needle and purl it, then k3 from cable needle.

C7F - Cable 7 Front. Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 3 sts on left-hand needle,slip purl st from cable needle onto left-hand needle and purl it,then k3 from cable needle.

C8B - Cable 8 Back. Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 4 sts from left-hand needle,then knit sts from cable needle.

C8F - Cable 8 Front.Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 4 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

C9B - Cable 9 Back.Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 5 sts from left-hand needle,then knit sts from cable needle.

C9F - Cable 9 Front.Slip next 5 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, knit next 4 sts from left-hand needle,then knit sts from cable needle.

Changing colors - When changing colors, insert needle into next stitch to be knitted in the new color, take the ends of the old color and new color, pass them over the strand you're about to knit with, and then knit with that strand. When knitting the next stitch, pass the two ends over the new strand again. Repeat this every stitch or two until you've knit in about 3" of the ends. Then you can just cut off the remaining ends later (but don't cut them flush with the fabric; leave a little bit sticking out on the wrong side).

Circle Shell Stitch - For top half of shell: 6 dc in back loop of next st. For bottom half of shell: 6 dc in front loop of same st as top half of shell.

Row 1) Ch number indicated by pattern instructions, dc in 4th ch from hook, dc in each ch across, turn.

Row 2) Ch 1, sc in first st, (skip next 3 sts, make top half of shell in back loop of next next st, skip next 3 sts, sc in next st) across; turn.

Row 3) Working upside down in Row 2, (skip next 3 skipped sts, make bottom half of shell in front loop of same st as top half of shell, skip next 3 skipped sts, slip st around post of next sc) across, turn.

Cluster 3 - Knit 3 sts and transfer them onto dpn; then wind yarn 6 times counterclockwise (looking down from top) around these 3 sts under dpn; then return the 3 sts to right hand needle.

Cluster 4 - (worked from the wrong side): sl 4 wyib, pass yarn to front, sl the same 4 sts back to left-hand needle, pass yarn to back, sl 4 wyib again.com t - Combination Treble: Wind thread twice around needle and insert into work and pull thread through, thread over needle and pull through two, thread over needle and pull through two, leaving two loops on the needle, thread over needle twice again, insert into work and pull through, thread over needle. and pull through two, thread over and pull through two, leaving three stitches on the needle. Thread over and pull through three. dc (Double Crochet): With needle holding one loop, throw thread once over needle, put needle into work and draw thread through. This will leave three loops on needle. Throw thread once over needle and pull through two. Again throw thread over needle and pull through remaining two. dcb (double crochet back): [yo, with hook at front of work, insert hook from below into the remaining front lp below next sc (skip the sc behind this stitch), yo and draw lp through, [yo and through 2 lps] twice - dcb made. dec hdc - Decrease Half Double crochet YO insert hook in next st, pull up a loop, insert hook in next st pull up a loop, YO and pull hook through all 4 loops on hook 

Cl stem - Cluster on a Stem. Yo 5 times, insert hook in center st of next 3-sc group, yo, pull up a loop, (yo, draw through 2 loops on hook) 5 times, leaving last 2 loops on hook, counting from bottom of stitch just made, make 2 trc cluster in 3rd cross strand, yo, draw through 4 loops on hook, ch 5, 3 trc cluster in same place to complete the stitch.

cross st/cr st - Cross Stitch(es). Cross stitches are usually worked in double crochet, but can be made from different types of stitches, such as triple crochet.

double crochet cross stitch:
Dc in stitch indicated by pattern instructions, (skip next stitch, dc in next stitch, working in back or front of last dc, dc in skipped stitch) repeat to end of row.

Cross stitches can be worked in front or back of previous stitch, by crossing in front of or in back of last stitch. If pattern instructions do not say front or back cross stitch, use the one most comfortable for you or which provides the desired effect you want.

dbl st - Double Stitch. Ch 1, sc first 2 sts tog; for a double stitch , insert hook in same st as last sc made, yo, pull up a loop, insert hook in next unworked st, yo, pull up a loop, yo, draw through all 3 loops on hook; dbl st across with sc in same st as last dbl st.

dtr - Double Treble: Wind thread three times around needle and insert into work and pull thread through, which will leave five loops on needle. Work off two at a time, the same as for Double Crochet.

DW - Drop Wrap. Drop extra wrappings off needle as the stitch is slipped.

Esc - Extended Single Crochet. Insert hook in next stitch as indicated by pattern instructions, draw up a loop, yo, draw through one loop on hook, yo, draw through last 2 loops on hook to complete the stitch.

Fan Stitch - Fan st. Depending on your pattern instructions, Fan stitches can be made from as few or as many stitches as specified in pattern instructions, as well as from double crochet and triple crochet stitches.

7 dc fan st.
Yo, insert hook in stitch specified by pattern instructions, draw up a loop, (yo, draw through 2 loops) twice, [yo, insert hook in same st, pull up a loop, (yo, draw through 2 loops) twice] 6 times to complete the stitch. Fan stitches may also be called shells.

 

FC - Front Cross

1.Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in front, pl, then k2 from dpn. 

2.Sl st to dpn and hold in front, pl, then kl-b from dpn.

3.Sl 3 sts to dpn and hold in front, k2, then sl the purl st from dpn back to left-hand needle and purl it, then k2 from dpn.

4.Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in front, p2, then k2 from dpn.

5.Sl 3 sts to dpn and hold in front, kl, then kl-b, pl, kl-b from dpn.

FDKC - Front Double Knit Cross. Sl 2 k sts to dpn and hold in front, k2, then k2 from dpn.

Filet Crochet: Filet crochet consists of open and closed blocks or meshes. The foundation chain is always three times the number of blocks or meshes in the first Row, plus six. Start the first Row in the ninth chain from hook. At the end of a Row always ch. 5 to turn when the next Row begins with an open block, and ch. 3. to turn when the next Row begins with a closed block. To add open meshes at the beginning of a Row, work the required. number of chain (which will be three times the number of meshes required) plus five for turning, and commence next Row in ninth stitch from hook. To add open meshes at the end of a Row, ch. 2, d. t. in the same place last d. c. was made; if more spaces are desired, again ch. 2, d. t. in middle of last d. t. To increase a Row by adding one closed block at the beginning, ch. 6, d. c. in 4th st. from hook, d. c. in next 2 sts. To add a closed block at end of Row, d. t. in base of d. c., (d. t. in base of d. t.) twice. When the edge of filet crochet is in open mesh it is advisable to reinforce with a Row of s. c. after the pattern is finished.

FKC - Front Knit Cross. 

1.Sl 2 k sts to dpn, hold in front, kl, then k2 from dpn.

2.Sl 2 sts to dpn, hold in front then k2 from dpn.

 

FPC - Front Purl Cross. Sl 2 k sts to dpn, hold in front, pl, then k2 from dpn.

FPdc - Front Post Double Crochet - YO, insert hook from front to back to front around post of st indicated,draw up lp to height of working Row; {YO and draw through 2 lps on hook}twice.

FT - Front Twist. Slip 1 St and knit the 2nd St in back loop; then knit the skipped St in back loop; then Sl both sts from needle together.hdc - Half Double Crochet (hdc) - You'll start just like the double crochet. Yarn over and put the hook into the third chain from the hook. Yarn over again and pull the hook through the chain. You should now have three loops on your hook. Yarn over again, and pull the hook through all three loops. You should end up with one loop on the hook. You have just completed one half-double crochet. -

Grafting . - With right side facing, free end of yarn on right hand side of work, one needle in front and one in back, working right to left, and passing yarn under the needles back and forth between front and back as you go:

  1. Thread yarn through first st on front needle knitwise, then through first st on back needle purlwise
  2. Knitwise through first st of front needle and drop it off needle
  3. Purlwise through next front st and leave on needle
  4. Purlwise through first st of back needle and drop off needle
  5. Knitwise through next back st and leave on needle
  6. Repeat last 4 rows above til all sts are worked
  7. Knitwise through last front st and remove from needle, purlwise through last back st and remove from needle

I-cord - Using short double-pointed (DP) needles, cast on a small number of stitches, around 3 to 6. Knit all the stitches. Switch needles in your hands, so the needle with the stitches is in your left hand again. Slide the stitches to the other end of the needle and pulling the yarn across the back of the stitches and knit the Row again. Continue this way, sliding and knitting, until the cord is the length you wish. Give the cord a tug to make the yarn carry across the back disappear. Attaching To The Edge Of A Finished Project As The I-Cord Is Knit :

Knit across the I-cord to the last stitch, then knit the last stitch together with the first stitch of your project (sweater, jacket...). Pull the yarn across the back of the cord and slide the stitches to the other side of the DP needle as described above.

INC 5 - Increase 5. (kl, yo, kl, yo, kl) in the same St. All slip-stitches on wrong-side rows are slipped with yarn in front.

INC L - Increase Left. Knit (from front) into the St in the Row below the next St on left-hand needle; then knit the St on left-hand needle in the usual way.

INC R - Increase Right. Insert right-hand needle downward into the back of the St in the Row below the next St on the left- @ d needle (into the purled head of St on the back of the fabric), and knit; then knit the St on left-hand needle in the usual way.

Kl-2W - Kl wrapping yarn twice around needle.

Kl-B - Knit 1 stitch through its back loop.. inserting the needle into the stitch from the right-hand side.

K2TOG - Knit 2 stitches together as one stitch.

K2TOG-B - Insert the needle into the back loops of two stitches and knit them together as one stitch.

KBl - Knit into back of next stitch.

KD - Knit Double stitch.Insert needle from front to back into the stitch below next stitch,which will be formed of double strands, and draw through a loop; then knit the next stitch and pass the loop over the stitch just knitted.

Kfb - (knit front and back). Also called a Bar Increase, and k1f&b (knit 1 front & back). Knit a stitch, leaving stitch on left needle; knit into the back loop of this stitch.

Kitchener Stitch - The abbreviations are as follows: K =Knit, P =Purl, F =Front Needle, B =Back Needle, on =leave this stitch on the needle, off =take this stitch off the needle. Now grafting can be condensed to this magic formula. K F off, P F on, P B off, K B on. Repeat this until you reach the end of the needles, then secure the tail neatly inside.

Knot St - Solomon's Knot. Draw up a 1/4" long loop on hook (or length specified in pattern instructions), yo, draw loop through, sc in back strand of long loop, to complete the stitch

KSSB - knit slip stitch through the back.

K UP 1 - pick up and knit the stitch in the Row below.

LC - Left Cross. Drop (slipped) St off needle to front of work, pl, then pick up dropped St and knit it.

LI - Lifted Increase. Insert right-hand needle into the front of next St in the Row below, and knit; then knit the St on needle.

LKS - Left Knit Slip. Drop (knitted) sl-st off needle to front of work, knit the next St, pick up dropped St and knit it.

Long sc/Lsc - Long Single Crochet. Insert hook in stitch indicated by patttern instructions, 2 rounds or rows below , draw up a long loop, yarn over, draw through both loops on hook to complete the stitch.

Loop st - Loop Stitch. Directions are given for two ways:

Forming loops over a strip:
First make a foundation row of single crochet, ch 1, and turn; * bracing strip behind the work with left hand (right hand for left handers), insert hook in next stitch, transfer strip to right hand (left hand) and take yarn, around strip front to back, draw up a loop, yo, draw through 2 loops; repeat from * across, sliding loops off and moving strip forward as it becomes filled.

Forming loops over fingers:
First make a foundation row of single crochet, ch 1 and turn; * insert hook in next stitch, swing 3rd and 4th fingers of left hand (right hand) forward under yarn, then back against the yarn so that a loop is formed over these fingers, draw a loop through the stitch, pulling it over top of 3rd finger, yo, draw through 2 loops, slip fingers out of the loop; repeat from * across.

LPS - Left Purl Slip. Drop (knitted) sl-st off needle to front of work, purl the next St, pick up dropped St and knit it.

LS - Left Slip. Drop (knitted) sl-st off needle to front of work, pl, pick up dropped St and knit it.

LSC - Left Slip-Cross. Drop the elongated St off needle to front of work, Sl next 2 purl sts, pick up dropped St and place on left-hand needle, Sl the same 2 purl sts back to left-hand needle, then p2, kl across these 3 sts.

LT - Long Treble: Wind thread four times around needle and insert into work and pull thread through, which will leave six loops on needle. Work off two at a time the same as for Double Crochet.

LT - Left Twist.

1.Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd St through back loop, then knit the skipped St, then Sl both sts from needle together :

2.Skip 1 St and knit into the back of second St, then-knit the skipped St, then Sl both sts from needle together.

3.Skip 1 St and knit the second St in'back loop,, then slip the skipped St purlwise onto right-hand needle, then slip the knit St.

M1 (make 1): An increase worked by lifting the horizontal thread lying between the needles and placing it onto the left-hand needle. Work this new stitch through the back loop.

MB - Make Bobble.

1.(yo, kl) 3 times into the next St, forming 6 bobble sts; turn work around and Sl 1, p5 across these 6sts; turn again and Sl 1, k5; turn again and (p2tog) 3 times; turn again and Sl 1, k2tog, psso.

2.(kl, yo, kl, yo, kl) into the same St, forming 5 bobble sts; turn work around and p5 across bobble St; turn again and k5, then pass the 4th, 3rd, 2nd, and lst sts separately over the last St knitted.

3.(kl, yo, kl, yo, kl) into the same St, turn and p5, turn and k5, turn and p5,, turn and ssk, kl, k2tog,turn p3tog, turn and wyib Sl bobble St onto right-hand needle.

4.(kl, yo, kl, yo, kl) in next St, turn and p5, turn and k5, turn and p2tog, pl, p2tog; turn and 1,k2tog, psso.

5.(kl, pl) twice into next St, turn and p4, turn and k4, turn and t2tog twice, turn and k2tog.

6.(k4, turn, p4, turn) 3 times, then pick up a loop from the first Row of bobble and knit it tog with lst st on left-hand needle; k2, then pick up a loop from lst Row of bobble and knit it tog with next st.

7.Knit into front, back, and front of same st; turn and k3, turn and p3, then pass 2nd and 3rd sts separately over the first st on right-hand needle.

8.Knit into front, backand front of next st, turn and k3, turn and p3, turn and k3, turn and sl 1,k2tog, psso.

MK - Make Knot. (kl, pl, kl, pl, kl) loosely in next st, then with point of left-hand needle pass the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th sts on right-hand needle separately over the last st made.

MR - Make Ringlet. P2, there keep yarn in front sl these 2 sts back to left-hand needle; take yarn around (passing in front of the 2 sts) to back, sl the sts back to right-hand needle.

O - Yarn Over: Do not insert right needle into any stitches! Just wrap yarn as usual, making sure to finish with it to the back of the knitting again. 

P1-B - Purl 1 back - Purl 1 stitch through its back loop, turning the work over slightly toward the knitter, inserting the needle into the back of the stitch from the left-hand side, and wrapping the yarn around the needle in front a purl stitch in the usual way.

P2TOG - Purl 2 stitches- Purl 2 stitches together as one stitch.

P2TOG-B - Purl 2 stitches back - Turn the work over slightly and insert the needle from the left-hand side into the back loops of the second and first stitches, in that order, then wrap the yarn around the needle in front to complete the purl stitch.

PBl - Purl back in 1 stitch - purl into back of next stitch.

PD - Purl Double stitch. Insert needle from back to front into the stitch below the next st, which will be formed of double strands, wrap yarn as if to purl and draw a loop out backward; then purl the next stitch and pass the loop over the stitch just purled.

PFB - Purl front and back - purl into front and back of the next stitch.

Picot: Make a chain. Skip three chain stitches and make a single crochet. Chain 4, catch back into the first chain with single crochet. Make about four single crochet stitches between picots.

POK-ST - Pulled Out Knit Stitch. With the tip of the right-hand needle pick up the knit stitch 2 rows below the next stitch on the left-hand needle. Put the picked up stitch onto the left-hand needle and k2tog TBL.

Popcorn Or Bobble Stitch - To do the popcorn (or sometimes called the bobble) stitch. You (k 1, p1, k 1, p1, k 1) all in the same stitch on your purl Row you p 5 tog. (It will be very tight but it can be done.) This forms the popcorn. You can just push the popcorn to the front side of your work and it will stay there. PS - pass stitch un-worked from your left needle to the right needle.

PSSO - Pass slipped stitch over. Insert the tip of the left-hand needle into a stitch that has been slipped, and draw the slipped stitch to the left over the stitch just knitted, over the tip of the right-hand needle, and off needle.

Puff st - Puff Stitch. Puff stitches can be varied by as few or as many stitches as indicated by pattern instructions as well as different types of stitches, such as half doube crochet or double crochet stitches.

3 dc puff stitch
Yarn over, insert hook in stitch or space as indicated by pattern instructions, draw up a 1/2" loop or a loop equal to the height of your last stitch, (yo, insert hook in same st, yo, draw up 1 long loop) twice, yo, draw through first 7 loops on hook, ch 1 to complete the stitch. RBC - Reverse Back Cross.

1.Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in back (at the right side, which is facing away from the knitter), kl, then p2 from dpn.

2.(worked from the wrong side): Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in back, pl, then sl the knit st from dpn back to left-hand needle and knit it, then pl from dpn.

RC - Right Cross.

1.Sl 1 purl st wyib, drop next (slipped) st off needle to front of work, sl the same purl st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, pl.

2.Sl 3 sts to dpn and hold in back, k2, then sl the purl st from dpn back to left-hand needle and purl it, then k2 from dpn.

Reverse hdc - Reverse Half Double Crochet. Working from left to right (opposite for left handers), yo, insert hook in st indicated to right of the hook, draw up a loop, under and to the left of loops on hook (3 loops on hook), yo, draw through all 3 loops on hook to complete the stitch. Also see instructions on how to work a Shrimp Stitch.

RFC - Reverse Front Cross.

1.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in front (at the wrong side, which is facing the knitter), p2, then kl from dpn.

2.(worked from the wrong side): Sl 2 sts to dpn and hold in front, pl, then sl the knit st from dpn back to left-hand needle and knit it, then pl from dpn.

RK - Raised Knit Stitch. Insert needle into the st below next st on left-hand needle and draw yarn through (2 st on right-hand needle), purl the next st on left-hand needle (2 sts on right-hand needle), pass the first of these 2 sts over the last the last st.

RKS - Right Knit Slip. Sl 1 wyib, drop next st off needle to front of work, sl the same st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, kl.

RLT - Reverse Left Twist. Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd st in back loop, then purl the skipped st,then sl both sts from needle together.

Roll st - Roll Stitch. Yarn over 5 times, or as many times as indicated by pattern instructions, insert hook in next st, yo and draw loop through st and all loops on hook, ch 1, to complete the stitch.
This will produce a series of long coiled stitches, used in belts, edgings etc.

RP - Raised Purl Stitch. Insert needle purlwise into the st below next st on left-hand needle and draw yarn through (1 st on right-hand needle), now purl the next st on left-hand needle (2 sts on right-hand needle), pass the first of these 2 sts over the last st.

RPS - Right Purl Slip. Sl 1 wyib, drop next st off needle to front of work, sl the same st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, pl.

RRT - Reverse Right Twist.

1.Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd st, then p2tog (the skipped st and the 2nd st) and sl both sts from needle together.

2.Skip 1 st and purl the 2nd st, then purl the skipped st and sl both sts from needle together.

RS - Right slip. sl 1 purl at wyib, drop next (knitted) sl-st off needle in front of work, sl same purl st back to left-hand needle, pick up dropped st and knit it, pl.

RSC - Right Slip-Cross. Sl 2 purl sts, drop next (elongated) st off needle to front of work, sl the same 2 purl sts back to left hand needle, pick up dropped st and place it on left-hand needle, then kl, p2 across these 3 sts.

RT - Right Twist.

1.Skip 1 st and knit the 2nd st, then purl the skipped st, then sl both sts from needle together.

2.Skip 1 st and knit into the front of second st, then knit the skipped st, then sl both sts from needle together.

SBC - Single Back Cross.

1.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, kl-b, then pl from dpn.

2.Sl 1 st to dpn and hold in back, k2, then pl from dpn.

SFC - Single Front Cross. Sl 1 st to kpn and hold in front, pl, then kl-b from dpn.

Sh - Shell Stitch. Shell stitches are usually worked with double crochets and can be varied by as few or as many stitches as indicated by pattern instructions as well as different types of stitches, such as triple crochet stitches.

(3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc) or Standard shell:
(3 dc, ch 2, 3 dc) in next stitch or space as indicated by pattern instructions to complete the shell.

sdc - Short Double Crochet. Start with the one loop on your hook from the previous stitch, and go into the indicated stitch like you were going to make a single crochet and pull through a loop.  YO and pull through that loop one time like a chain stitch, then YO again and go through both loops on the hook.  Short double crochet completed.  This stitch is thinner than the bulk of the half double crochet stitch and looks more delicate in a doily or lace piece.

SKC - Single Knit Cross. Slip 1 st to dpn and hold in back, kl, then kl from dpn.

SKP - Slip, knit, pass - slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over.

SKPO - Slip, knit, passover - slip 1, knit 1, pass slip stitch over.

SK2P - Slip next stitch, k2tog, then psso.

SL 2 TOG KNIT-WISE - Insert needle into the next 2 sts on left hand needle as if to k2tog then slip both sts onto right hand needle without knitting them.

Slant st - Slant Stitch. A slant stitch is used in conjunction with a crochet grouping of stitches and can be varied by as few or as many stitches as indicated by pattern instructions as well as different types of stitches, such as double crochet or triple crochet stitches.

5 dc slant st/with diagonal dc:
[Yo, insert hook in next st, pull up a loop, (yo, draw through 2 loops on hook) twice] 4 times, yo, working around double crochet grouping, insert hook in same stitch as first double crochet is worked, yo, draw up a loop even with loop on hook, (yarn over, draw through 2 loops on hook) twice to complete stitch.

Shrimp st - Shrimp Stitch. Working from left to right (opposite for left handers), insert hook in stitch to the right of hook, pull up a loop, under and to the left of loop on hook (2 loops on hook), yo, draw through both loops on hook to complete the stitch. This makes a nice edging for many projects and is sometimes called the reverse or backwards stitch.

SL ST - Insert needle into the next st on left hand needle as if to k, slip st onto right hand needle without knitting it.

SP 2 - Spiral 2. Work across next 2 stitches as follows: k2tog but do not slip sts from left-hand needle, k into the first of these 2 sts once more, then slip sts from left-hand needle.

Split sc - Split Single Crochet. Single crochet between vertical bars of st in last round.

SSk -Slip first stitch on left needle as if to knit. Slip next stitch on left needle as if to knit. Insert tip of left needle in the front through both slipped stitches. Wrap yarn around tip of right needle and then knit these two stitches together.

SSK and PSSO are the same - Slip, slip, knit works two stitches together into one, resulting in a left-slanting decrease. It is useful for shaping or may be combined with corresponding increases to form patterns. The ssk is the mirror of the k2tog.SSP - SSP (slip slip, P2tog tbl), left slanting decrease: Slip two stitches knit wise, 1 at a time. Pass the two stitches back to the L needle. Insert R needle into BOTH of these stitches as you would to purl through the back loops, wrap yarn around R needle as usual, pull yarn through both loops, and drop loops off L needle.

Alternate - like S1 K1 PSSO, but even more awkward: P1, S1 knit wise, return both to L needle, PSSO, then return purled stitch to R needle.

T2 - Twist 2. Slip next st onto cable needle and hold at back of work, purl into back of next st from left-hand needle then purl into back of next st from cable needle.

T2B - Twist 2 Back. Slip next st onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next st from left-hand needle, then purl from cable needle.

T2F - Twist 2 Front. Slip next st onto cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next st from left-hand needle, then knit st from cable needle.

T2L -Twist 2 Left. Slip next st onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next st from left-hand needle, then knit into back of next st from cable needle.

T2R - Twist 2 Right. Slip next st onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit into back of next st from left-hand needle, then purl st from cable needle.

T3B - Twist 3 Back. Slip next st onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle,then purl st from cable needle.

T3F - Twist 3 Front. Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next st from left-hand needle,then knit sts from cable needle.

T3L - Twist 3 Left. Slip next st onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, work (KB1, pl) from left-hand needle,then KBl from cable needle.

T3R - Twist 3 Right .- Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, KBl from left-hand needle, then (p1,KB1) from cable needle.

T4B - Twist 4 Back - .Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then purl the 2 sts from cable needle.

T4F - Twist 4 Front. Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next 2 sts from left-hpnd needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

T4L - Twist 4 Left. Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, kl, pl, from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

T4R - Twist 4 Right. Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle,then pl,kl from cable needle.

T5B - Twist 5 Back. Slip next 2 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 3 sts from left-hand needle, then purl sts from cable needle.

T5BR - Twist 5 Back Right. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and leave at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then purl the 3 sts from cable needle.

T5F - Twist 5 Front. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

T5FL - Twist 5 Front Left. Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next 3 sts from left-hand needle, then knit the 2 sts from cable needle.

T5L - Twist 5 Left. Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, k2, pl from left-hand needle then k2 from cable needle.

T5R - Twist 5 Right. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then pl, k2 from the cable needle.

T6B - Twist 6 Back. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 3 sts from left-hand needle, then purl sts from cable needle.

T6F - Twist 6 Front. Slip next 3 sts onto a cable needle and hold at front of work, purl next 3 sts from left-hand needle, then knit sts from cable needle.

T6L - Twist 6 Left. Slip next 2 sts onto cable needle and hold at front of work, work k2, p2 from left-hand needle, then knit the 2 sts from cable needle.

T6R - Twist 6 Right. Slip next 4 sts onto cable needle and hold at back of work, knit next 2 sts from left-hand needle, then work p2, k2 from cable needle.

TC or ( Tr) Treble Crochet: Wind thread twice around needle, insert needle into work and pull thread through, leaving four loops on needle. Work off two at a time the same as for Double Crochet.

TW2 - Twist Two. Knit second st on left-hand needle, knit first st on left-hand needle, slip both sts from needle together.

Tw2L - Twist Two Left - Slip 1 st to cable needle and hold in front of work. K1, then knit the st from cable needle.

Tw2R - twist 2 right: Slip 1 st to cable needle and hold in back of work. K1, then knit the st from cable needle.

or

Tw2R = knit into front of 2nd st on left hand needle, then knit into front of 1st st, slipping both sts off needle together..

TW3 - Twist Three. Slip 2 and knit 3rd st on left-hand needle, knit 2nd st, then knit 1st st and slip all three from needle together. 

V-st - V-Stitch. Yarn over, insert hook in stitch or space as indicated by pattern instructions, pull up a loop, (yarn over, draw through 2 loops) twice, ch 2, yarn over, insert hook in same stitch or space, pull up a loop, (yarn over, draw through 2 loops) twice, to complete the stitch.

yfwd - yarn forward. Hold your yarn in front of your hook and sc in the front of the stitch. or Bring your yarn in front of your work and knit the stitch. 

yo - Yarn Over To make a yarn over, just wrap the yarn around the right-hand needle from back to front counterclockwise before knitting the next stitch. Then just work the next stitch as normal. When you get to the yarn over on the next row, treat it as a regular stitch.

yrn - yarn round needle (also known as yarn over).